diumenge, 19 d’abril de 2009
DONES I APICULTURA
Latest IBRA publication
ISBN: 0 86098 254 8
The Archaeology of Beekeeping
Eva Crane, Ethel Eva Widdowson de Crane (nació en Londres el 12 de junio de 1912 - murió en Slough, Inglaterra el 6 de septiembre de 2007), a los 95 años de edad.
Eva Crane es autora del libro titulado The Archaeology of Beekeeping, publicado 1983 Cornell Univ Press, Technology & Industrial, Arts. ISBN 0801416094.
La Doctora Crane goza de un gran estatus en el mundo de la apicultura. Eva Crane fue durante 50 años una devota fiel a la apicultura.
Ella desde 1956 ha publicado un centenar de artículos y varios libros:
Honey. A Comprehensive Survey. (Heinemann,1976, 608pp)
The Archaeology of Beekeeping. (Duckworth 1983, 360pp)
Bees and Beekeeping Science, Practice and World Resources (Heinemann 1990, 614pp)
The World History of Beekeeping and Honey Hunting (Duckworth 1999, 662pp)
Sus cuatro libros son prácticamente universales.
Es miembro de lectura de la Sheffield University, su marido se dedico a las abejas durante un tiempo, James Crane con quien se casó en 1942. Su libro de viajes Making a Beeline, My Journeys in 60 countries 1949–2000 es su última obra.
Eva Crane, ha muerto a los 95 año, fue, durante medio siglo fue una referente sobre temas de apicultura mundialmente. Ella abandonó el campo de la física nuclear, viajó el mundo para compartir sus conocimientos sobre apicultura, y durante 35 años, fue directora de la Internacional Bee Research Association (IBRA).
Eva es la hija más joven de Thomas Crane y Rose Widdowson. Su hermana mayor, Elsie Crane, fue famosa en el mundo por su trabajos sobre nutrición y dieta. Eva creció en Dulwich, al sur de Londres, y no era un niña particularmente fuerte, sufriendo frecuentes ataques de la enfermedad. Fue educada en la escuela de Sydenham en Kent y ganó una beca en matemáticas en el King's College de Londres. Terminó su licenciatura en dos años, luego tomó una maestría en la mecánica cuántica, y recibió su doctorado en física nuclear de la Universidad de Londres en 1938.
Eva Crane was a towering figure in the field of beekeeping, one of its most knowledgeable practitioners and prolific historians, and a powerful champion of bees as a scientific subject. Her career in the field began when she was given a hive as a wedding present in 1942; she became interested not in the bees themselves but in, as she put it, “how they worked. . . how different peoples have kept bees, which bees and why, and why they keep them in the hives they do”.
Unable to find anything much of use in the way of articles she became a member and secretary of the British Beekeepers Association research subcommittee, and in 1949 founded the Bee Research Association (a charity, renamed the International Bee Research Association in 1976). She was its director until she retired in 1984, by which time it had become a key resource in bee research, primarily through its journals.
Crane never lost her hunger for “exciting bee things”, travelling all over the world in search of them, and she produced numerous books admired for their encyclopaedic and authoritative treatment of their subject matter.
Ethel Eva Widdowson was born in 1912 and grew up in Dulwich. She was educated at Sydenham Secondary School in Kent and King’s College London, where she read maths, one of only two women. After completing her degree two years later she took an MSc in quantum mechanics, and was awarded a PhD in nuclear physics from London University in 1938. She was appointed lecturer in physics at the University of Sheffield in 1941.
She married James Crane, a stockbroker, the following year. On receiving her first swarm of bees, intended as as a contribution to the war effort, she subscribed to Bee World and became a member of the Sheffield Beekeepers Association: “It consisted mostly of elderly men who said ‘You’re a beginner for the first 20 years’. ” When her husband left the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve she gave up teaching and was able to focus on her bee studies with new seriousness.
Crane was keen to draw attention to the very great potential of beekeeping in the tropics, and from the beginning her research association, whose mission is to “increase awareness of the vital role of bees in the environment and to encourage the use of bees as wealth creators”, was international in outlook.
Crane became editor of the nontechnical magazine Bee World in 1949 and expanded its content to include summaries of scientific papers and books relevant to the science of bees and beekeeping. When it became clear that an entirely new platform for such content was desirable she founded The Journal of Apicultural Research. In 1950 she also founded Apicultural Abstracts, which aimed to give a complete survey of research and technical developments concerning all bees and bee-related subjects.
Crane began to travel all over the world, lecturing and advising governments on beekeeping practices (but, by her own account, learning much more than she taught). She visited, among many countries, Vietnam, Nepal, Uganda, Egypt, Malaysia and Russia, observing along the way that “this curious passion for a small insect can transcend barriers of politics, race and language, and bring strangers together as friends”. Her many discoveries included, in the Upper Indus Valley in Pakistan, the use of horizontal hives exactly like ones discovered in excavations of Ancient Greece.
By the early 1960s the association was communicating with more than 400 research institutes worldwide, and producing material exported to 80 countries. Crane was an impressive figurehead who, as one journalist observed, could “quote Herodotus or apicultural research figures with equal ease”. After an appeal in 1961 for £25,000 the association was moved in 1966 from Crane’s house to new headquarters in Chalfont St Peter. In 1985 it was moved again, to Cardiff.
Crane established the Eva Crane Trust to advance the science of apiology and encourage bee research for the public benefit, and the Eva Crane Library, now held at the National Library of Wales at Aberystwyth, holds about 60,000 scientific papers and a unique collection of 130 different bee journals, many of them dating back to their first issues in the 19th century and in some cases representing the only complete sets in existence.
Crane was fanatical about accuracy and contributed more than once to discussions in The Times (adding in a letter of 1953 that “A most intriguing report has come, via Argentina, of a new wartime use for bees – it is stated that the Japanese used them as messengers for carrying microscopic documents across Russian lines. How this was done I have not been able to discover: it is possible in theory but would present many difficulties in practice”).
Crane produced more than 180 scientific papers, articles and books on bees, honey and beekeeping; her books include Honey: a Comprehensive Survey (1975), A Book of Honey (1980), The Archaeology of Beekeeping (1983), Bees and Beekeeping: Science, Practice and World Resources(1990) , The World History of Beekeeping and Honey Hunting (1999) and, a book about her travels, Making a Bee-Line (2003).
They embrace all eras and peoples, from Aristotle, who wrote that honey “falls from the air principally at the rising of the stars and when a rainbow rests upon the earth”, to Arthur Dobbs of Carrickfergus, Co Antrim, who discovered the important role bees play in pollination, to the British troops in East Africa who left trip wires in the jungle so that log hives of bees would fall on the Germans.
In 1986 Crane was made the honorary life president of the International Bee Research Association, and the same year she was appointed OBE.
Crane’s husband died in 1978.
Eva Crane, OBE, authority on beekeeping, was born on June 12, 1912. She died on September 6, 2007, aged 95
Eva Crane. (1990). Bees and Beekeeping: Science Practice and World Resources. ISBN 0801424291, Hardcover, List Price: $152.95. Publisher: Cornell Univ Pr. Published Date: 05/01/1990, Hardcover. Eva Crane.
Eva Crane. (1999). World History of Beekeeping and Honey Hunting. ISBN 0415924677. Hardcover. List Price: $149.95. Publisher: Routledge. Published Date: 09/01/1999. Hardcover. Author: Eva Crane. Link en Google.
Eva Crane. (1976). Honey, A Comprehensive Survey. Editor: Eva Crane.
Eva Crane. (1980). A Book of Honey. Crane, E, 1980 Softback 198 pp. Link Web del IBRA
Eva Crane. El libro de la miel. Editorial: Fondo de Cultura Económica, en español).
Eva Crane. (1983). ISBN 0801416094 The Archaeology of Beekeeping
Eva Crane. (2003). Making a Beeline: My journeys in Sixty Countries 1949-2000. Softback 327 pp. Special offer: new reduced price. Link Web del IBRA.
Eva Crane, Penelope Walker. (1984). Pollination Directory of World Crops. Softback 183 pp (the book and the CD version are included in the price). Linl en Web del IBRA.
Eva Crane, Penelope Walker. (1984). Evidence on Welsh Beekeeping in the Past. Softback 28 pp. Link en Web del IBRA.
Eva Crane. (1977). Dictionary of Beekeeping Terms Vol 5 (English, French, German, Spanish, Russian). Crane, E (Editor), 1977 Hardback 206 pp. Link en Web del IBRA.
Eva Crane. (1977). Dictionary of Beekeeping Terms Vol 6 (English, Finnish, Hungarian). Crane, E (Editor), 1978 Hardback 104 pp. Link Web del IBRA.
Eva Crane. (1978). Dictionary of Beekeeping Terms Vol 7 (English, German, Dutch, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish). Crane, E (Editor), 1978 Hardback 238 pp. Link Web del IBRA.
Eva Crane. (1979). Dictionary of Beekeeping Terms Vol 8 (English, French, Italian, Spanish, Portugese, Romanian). Crane, E (Editor), 1979 Hardback 252 pp. Link Web del IBRA.
Eva Crane. (1985). Dictionary of Beekeeping Terms Vol 9 (English, French, Japanese). Crane, E Editor, 1985 Hardback 187 pp. Link Web del IBRA.
Eva Crane. (1985). Dictionary of Beekeeping Terms Vol 10 (English, French, Arabic). Crane, E (Editor), 1988 Softback 196 pp. Link Web del IBRA.
Eva Crane, ed. (1976). Full report of the 1st Conference on Apiculture in Tropical Climates, London, 1976. London: International Bee Research, 1976. Bee coll. C748
Eva Crane. (1983). The archaeology of beekeeping. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell Univ. Pr., 1983. Bee coll. C89a
Eva Crane. (1980). A book of honey. Oxford [Eng.]; New York: Oxford Univ. Pr., 1980. Bee coll. C89b
Eva Crane, Penelope Walker and Rosemary Day. (1984). Directory of important world honey sources. London: International Bee Research, 1984. Bee coll. C89d
Eva Crane, Penelope Walker. (1983). The impact of pest management on bees and pollination. London: Tropical Development & Research, 1983. Bee coll. C89i
Eva Crane. Index to Apicultural abstracts, 1950-1972. Folkstone, Eng. Dawson for Bee Research Association, 1976. Bee coll.
Eva Crane. (1985). World perspectives in apiculture. London: International Bee Research, 1985. Bee coll. C89w
Obituario de Eva Crane.
Eva Crane. The Times. September 15, 2007.